The quality and consistency of the paste used to manufacture the active materials is crucial to ensuring the competitiveness of lead-acid batteries. Technical Editor Dr Mike McDonagh reports.
A lead-acid battery depends on the difference in electrochemical energy states between two chemical forms of lead: PbO2 and Pb. Thermodynamically, we can express this using the Nernst equation:
E = E°RTlnK
Where E is the reaction voltage, E° is the standard reaction voltage, R is the gas constant, T is the absolute temperature and K is the . . .